[Z/Yen](http://www.zyen.com/) has published the nineteenth [Global Financial Centres Index](http://www.longfinance.net/global-financial-centre-index-19/976-gfci-19-the-overall-rankings.html) (GFCI 19).
London, New York, Singapore and Hong Kong remain the four leading global financial centres. On a scale of 1,000 points, a lead of fewer than 20 points indicates relative parity. London remains just ahead of New York, climbing four points in the ratings to lead New York by eight points. New York (2nd) is now 37 points ahead of Singapore (3rd). Singapore is two points ahead of Hong Kong (4th).
GFCI 19 provides profiles, rating and rankings for 86 financial centres, drawing on two separate sources of data – instrumental factors (external indices) and responses to an online survey. 105 factors have been used in GFCI 19. GFCI 19 uses 24,495 financial centre assessments completed by 2,520 financial services professionals. In addition to the 86 centres covered by the index, 16 ‘associate centres’ are being researched and will join the index when they receive sufficient assessments.
**GFCI 19 Latin America and the Caribbean**
With the exception of Mexico City, all financial centres in [Latin America and the Caribbean](http://www.longfinance.net/global-financial-centre-index-19/984-latin-america-and-the-caribbean.html) saw significant falls in the rating in GFCI 19.